Water is the creation of form into shape

Last blog was for the importance of water on our planet Earth. the Scientific American article showed  a planet with thousands of oceans circling a star. Where there is water there is the potential for life. Water flow creates complex patterns into shapes that become life forms. Listen to the observations from Schwenk  in the Sensitive Chaos.

“We see that moving, formative processes akin to those which living things use to shape their bodies are inherent in the fluid element. The creation of form in living substance is only thinkable if manifold movements can flow into, over and through one another at one and the same place in space. The fluid element is thus a most suitable medium for the form-creating process, which would be impossible in the  three dimensional world of solids, where there is only exclusiveness and no interpretations. Nature here reveals one of its secrets, showing how movements are indeed by their very nature ‘super-special’; they do not exclude one another at one and the same point in space but interpenetrate and move over and under one another. They appear in the spatial world as though from higher realms and in so doing create law and order. The fluid element is the ideal bearer of movements, by which it allows itself to be molded and shaped.”

“The child before birth is in a protective envelope of water, prior to its final entry into Earthly activity. As though lying within a sphere it molds its as yet liquid form, which gradually becomes more condensed. On being born it leaves the spherical space of water and enters into a relationship with the directional forces of the Earth. The more it yields to these forces the more its body becomes solidified, which is essential to standing upright and learning to walk. One of the ways in which its origin in the spherical nature of water-he cosmos-and its orientation towards, and interplay with, the Earth are revealed is in the shapes of its limbs. The spiraling shapes of muscles and bones bear witness to the living world of water and also to a purposeful aim toward the mastery of the solid and are reminiscent of the way water flows in meanders and twisting surfaces in the interplay between resting in spheres and being drawn ina Erathward direction.”

“We have seen how water in rivers describes curving and twisting surfaces. Such surfaces can be clearly demonstrated by letting water flow out of a container in a wide stream. The stream spirals as the water slips below the edge of the container. This process can often be seen beautifully in fountains where water falls from basin to basin. ”

“Many muscles in the limbs manifest these spiraling forms. Through the limbs, too, whole systems of currents stream and the muscle more or less follows them. Both muscles and vessels speak of the same thing: streaming movement in spiraling forms. This movement runs through the sinews into the bones. the bone has raised a monument in ‘stone’ to the flowing movement from which it originates; indeed one might say that the liquid has ‘expressed itself’ in a bone.”

Isn’t this incredible I am truly rocked by these spiraling forms. Here we are at McGill in Dentistry studying bone metabolism not at the usual window of observation watching the interplay between the osteoblast cell with its linked partner, the osteoclast cell, the dynamic balance of bone shape continually moving between addition and subtraction of its volume.

Our Dentistry saga continues to better understand the concussed brain as we watch the consequences on changing bone profiles. That essentially is the conversation we are trying to listen in on, with a concussed -brain rotation, twisting brain stem sending different cellular traffic to the bone osteoblast-osteoclast cells essentially altering the acute balance of addition dynamically with reduction, shifting the traffic for more addition traffic behavior. So to say we are thrilled to be able to look at the bone density data generously provided from the football coach Clint Uttley, from the McGill Redmen at the end of this week makes me dizzy in anticipation !

How does bone behave as a liquid: as if it were flying in water, can we see this streamlined structure, as if a hidden image of the flying bone were actually possible to see? By a special method created by Benninghoff has been able to trace out, the previous tension within the bone. How does he get, as if it were at tensegrity image of the bone? By the way any bone will do.

Benninghoff makes small holes with an awl at different points in a decalcified bone, say for example a shoulder bone. At first in time, the holes start off as round. Let me continue in Schwenk’s words, “These small holes do not remain round, but in time will be seen to lengthen out, revealing the directions of tension in the bone. If the little fissures are then continued and joined up, the otherwise hidden ‘system of currents’ in the bone will be made visible. “

The systems of tiny fissures in many bones show looped and spiraling forms reminiscent of the laws according to which water flows.”

So if you have been following my train of thoughts I have emphasized tensegrity as the balance of tension with compression between cells. This overall design alludes to the incredible complexity of pattern shapes of cell assemblies, by the way you’re reading this sentence from a cell tensegrity assembly unit, me! These shapes started out as water vortices during Mother Earth’s genesis period, also remember My Walk on the Beach essay talking about multi-eyed  jelly fish, asking where does a brain come from? Form is shape, shape is from water- even hard shapes like bone that look like tensegrity shapes when treated the Benninghoff way, so patterns are emerging here. Form is shape then shape is sensing which is what we call a network. This is what happens when you start to study concussions, I find it fascinating because I am forced to see the world around me almost in a different way in order to come to terms with the observational window we try to watch things in our mind’s eye. At least that is the way I try to see Nature around me.

Time jumps around a lot here. Penfield talked about brain  pull in 1930. Pudentz observed the rotating hemispheres in 1946. Schwenk wrote his seminal thesis, Sensitive Chaos in 1965. Ingber wrote his tensegrity article in 1998.  Bone changes observed following head concussions by McHugh and Tamimi 2011,( that’s one of our dreams)


390 Proc. roy. Soc. Med. Volume 66 April 1973

Meeting 16 October 1972
Short Papers [Abstracts]
Stress Distribution in Bone:
A Study of Benninghoff Trajectories
of the Facial Skeleton
by M L Lehman BDS LDSRCS
(University of Sheffield School of Dental Surgery,
Charles Clifford Dental Hospital,
Sheffield, SJO 25Z)
It has long been felt that the findings of Benninghoff
(1934) deserved some independent corroborative
proof if it were possible to obtain it. Based on
previous experience, an attempt was made with
the experimental method of photoelasticity, more
correctly the frozen stress method. The material
used was an epoxy resin in which a number of
skull bases and mandibles were cast and processed.
Acceptable specimens were loaded, and the
stresses frozen in over an extended period of time.
Fig 1 shows a hemisection of a skull base. That
the dark areas are not ordinary shadows is
demonstrated in Fig 2, which shows one and the
same slice from this hemisection, the I-wave plate
of the analyser of the polariscope having been
rotated by 10 degrees of arc each time. This procedure
shows clearly a significant increase in the
intensity of the fringes caused by the loading process.
The total absence of fringe shadows in the
other areas is noteworthy. Similar fringe patterns
were obtained in the mandible.
Fig 1 Hemisection ofa skull base in Araldite
as seen in polariscope with green filter
It is relevant to draw attention to the following:
it should be realized that the fringe patterns
obtained in these photoelastic tests apply to every
age provided the direction and magnitude of the
forces applied are the same. If, therefore, as is
well established, the trabecular pattern of bone
gradually deteriorates with advancing age then
Fig 2 One and the same slicefrom hemisection shown
in Fig 1; increase in intensity offringes – and
absence ofthese in other areas – is noteworthy
It is relevant to draw attention to the following:
it should be realized that the fringe patterns
obtained in these photoelastic tests apply to every
age provided the direction and magnitude of the
forces applied are the same. If, therefore, as is
well established, the trabecular pattern of bone
gradually deteriorates with advancing age then

the architecture of bone will not throughout life
correspond with the requirements of maximal
stress. In other words, the architecture of bone in
the elderly is for some reason no longer functional
in the sense of being arranged according to
functional patterns of graphical statics as evolved
by Meyer (1867) and Culmann (1866). This occurrence
may obviously be of grave disadvantage
should such a structure become suddenly exposed
to unexpected loads.
The fringe patterns in the photoelastic models
clearly indicate the location of stress concentrations,
and they thus provide a better understanding
of fracture-lines.
Benninghoff A (1934) Paradentium (Berlin), September, No. 3
Culmann K
(1866) Die graphische Statik. Verlag von Meyer & Zeller, Zuirich
Meyer H (1867) Archivftr Anatomie ,Physiologie und
wissenschaftliche Medizin (Berlin) 34, 615-628



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Montreal Grandmother, Agnes Kent was saved by Raul Wallenberg from certain death, when he provided papers for her and her Mom to escape away from the Nazis. Today when asked what that escape meant, she replied,"Remind people, that while statesmen and whole countries remained silent and did nothing, a single individual chose to act, with ramifications that proved enormous. Similar choices confront us today. Write that simple truth she said, it can never be repeated often enough because the world keeps forgetting it."
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